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Different grading systems around the world

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Grading Systems Around the World

Methods of evaluation should be a means of feedback, and shouldn’t determine an individual’s future!

But that’s not the case. A candidate is assessed for his/her academic achievements through marks and percentiles.


You are a student, and you’ve done some assignments and will be appearing in the exams. What is the method that will evaluate your performance? Of course, the Grading system. Unfortunately, good grades are the only way to gain admission to prestigious universities. 


Grading systems throughout the world


Are you sure that the grading system used in your country is valid throughout the world? If yes, then you are wrong. Different places use different grading systems, and it is critical for a student, notably an international student, to be aware of them. This blog discusses the many grading systems in use throughout the globe.


Students always dream of achieving something great in their lives. Although grades do not always matter but still play an integral role in deciding many things like college, stream, etc. Before jumping directly to the types of grading systems, let us first understand the advantages of the grading system:


Advantages of the grading system: 


  1. The primary goal of the grading system is to convey cognitive progress and performance to children, communities, colleges, and job applicants in a transparent, precise, uniform, and fair manner.
  2. The grading system assures impartiality in the evaluation and the awarding of marks. Moreover, it also ensures competence levels based on the same education curriculum across students.
  3. Grades are also criteria that account when applying for membership in a particular hall of fame at a university. Participating in clubs or merit organizations provides you with access to additional financing possibilities. You’ll also have access to a slew of other excellent chances.


So these were some of the benefits of grading systems. Let us now understand the different types of grading systems in various countries:




  • India: In India, boards or institutes follow several methods in which the student takes admission. In general, marking follows a percentage system known as GPA or CGPA. The letters GPA and CGPA stand for Grade Point Average and Cumulative Grade Point Average, respectively. CBSE (Central Board of Secondary education follows the below-mentioned system):



Range of the marks Grade Point Point of the grade
91-100 A1 10.0
81-90 A2 9.0
71-80 B1 8.0
61-70 B2 7.0
51-60 C1 6.0
41-50 C2 5.0
33-40 D 4.0
21-32 E1 Fail
00-20 E2 Fail


CBSE has adopted this method for class 10th. However, in India, there is a different approach in every class and at every stage of academics.


  • Netherlands: A simple grading system is a part of institutions here, which lies in a range of 1-10. The grades may also be equivalent to a percentage. It means:


1 – 0-5% correct

2 – 5-15% correct 

3 – 15-25% correct


In the above scale, 5.5 is the passing periphery. One interesting fact is that the teachers get maniacs sometimes and will award students with grades like 7.34, 6.78, etc.


  • Japan: Some universities use a grading system, while others use a scale of 0–100. Some schools have begun to assign a unique grade to students who score in the 90-100 target range. The letter “E” indicates a negative result. 


Scale Grade
90-100 A
80-89 B
70-79 C
60-69 D
0-59 E (Fail)


The most visible difference is that, unlike other nations, Japan uses a stringent grading system in which you are only allowed if you receive a D or higher. 


  • Singapore: It is another preferred destination for students throughout the world. Singapore is known for some of the best technical universities like Nanyang Technical University. But this country, same as that of India, follows different grading systems at levels of education.


Percentage Grades
91-100 A
75-90 B
60-74 C
50-59 D
<50 F


It was about primary schools (1-6 standard). The system changes at grades 7-10, and A1, A2; B1, B2; C1, C2, and so on, come into play. For senior classes, the grading system is the same as that of primary. The difference is that the grades will continue till S, where S is a sub pass and a student having U fails.   


  • United States of America: This place holds universities like MIT, Oxford, etc. The USA is a dream destination for every student who wishes to excel and be successful in their studies. Take a look at the grading system of this mind-boggling place below:


GPA system is adopted here, and a percent equal or below to 60 means 0 GPA.


Grade GPA Percentage
A 4.0 93-100
A- 3.7 90-92
B+ 3.3 87-89
B 3.0 83-86
B- 2.7 80-82
C+ 2.3 77-79
C 2.0 73-76
C- 1.7 70-72
D+ 1.3 67-69
D 1.0 63-66
D- 0.7 60-62
F 0.0 Below 60


  • Germany: Engineers prefer this country for further studies. The grading system for the same is as follows:


6.0: The candidate is not eligible to clear the exam, and he has to attempt the exam again.


Similarly, 5.0 states that a student has cleared the exam but has worse performance.


The level rises till 1.0 which shows an excellent performance with a score between 90-100 per cent.


Key Takeaways 


A student must be well aware of the grade patterns before sitting in the exam to gain motivation and be eligible for various scholarships. Also, these grades help in understanding the admission process for various elegant universities and colleges.


Also published on Medium.

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